Get Mental, Neurological, and Substance Use Disorders in PDF

By Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders, Institute of Medicine, Forum on Health and Nutrition, Uganda Academy of Sciences

ISBN-10: 0309148804

ISBN-13: 9780309148801

Thousands of individuals in sub-Saharan Africa be afflicted by psychological, neurological, and substance use (MNS) issues, and such a lot would not have the assets to procure remedy. The Uganda nationwide Academy of Sciences and the Institute of medication hosted a workshop to debate the country of deal with MNS problems in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Extra resources for Mental, Neurological, and Substance Use Disorders in Sub-Saharan Africa: Reducing the Treatment Gap, Improving Quality of Care: Workshop Summary

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TAC was established to demand respect and dignity for people living with HIV/AIDS. Launched in 1998 on Human Rights day, this 10-year-old action campaign called for access to treatments and demanded dignity for people living with HIV/AIDS, first in South Africa, then in the world. Inspired by TAC, the Movement for Global Mental Health was launched on October 10, 2008. Its goals are to achieve the call for action to scale up evidence-based services and strengthen human rights protection for people with mental and neurological disorders.

There are approximately 500 psychiatric nurses, though the numbers are not confirmed. In Tanzania, the doctor–patient ratio is the highest in East Africa at 1:33,000, with only 60 physicians providing care. , 2010). As noted in Figure 2-1, the scarcity of human resources for mental health in low- versus high-income countries is equally low. Patel observed that the number of specialists per 100,000 people is so small as to be nonexistent when compared to the higher numbers seen in middleand high-income countries.

Most countries have no national policies on alcohol or tobacco; consequently, their advertising, distribution, and sale are largely uncontrolled (Okasha, 2002). Increasing poverty, natural disasters, wars, and other forms of violence and social unrest are major causes of growing psychosocial problems, which include alcohol and drug abuse, prostitution, street chil- Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html BACKGROUND 17 dren, child abuse, and domestic violence. These often lead to greater substance use disorders.

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Mental, Neurological, and Substance Use Disorders in Sub-Saharan Africa: Reducing the Treatment Gap, Improving Quality of Care: Workshop Summary by Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders, Institute of Medicine, Forum on Health and Nutrition, Uganda Academy of Sciences


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