By G. C. Peden
This e-book integrates process, expertise and economics and offers a brand new approach of twentieth-century army historical past and Britain's decline as an outstanding energy. G. C. Peden explores how from the Edwardian period to the Sixties war used to be reworked by way of a chain of suggestions, together with dreadnoughts, submarines, airplane, tanks, radar, nuclear guns and guided missiles. He exhibits that the price of those new guns tended to upward thrust extra speedy than nationwide source of revenue and argues that procedure needed to be tailored to take account of either the elevated efficiency of recent guns and the economy's diminishing skill to maintain military of a given measurement. sooner than the improvement of nuclear guns, British method used to be in keeping with a capability to wear out an enemy via blockade, attrition (in the 1st global battle) and strategic bombing (in the Second), and as a result strength rested as a lot on fiscal energy as on armaments.
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Additional info for Arms, Economics and British Strategy: From Dreadnoughts to Hydrogen Bombs (Cambridge Military Histories)
20 Arms, economics and British strategy invited, as leader of the opposition from 1905 to 1911, to attend CID meetings, as an occasional adviser, and then from 1912 as a regular member. Thus he could criticise the Liberal government’s defence estimates in Parliament, while helping to form the policies on which the estimates were based. The Liberal prime minister from 1905 to 1908, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, had had experience of the defence departments as financial secretary to the War Office from 1871 to 1874; secretary to the Admiralty from 1882 to 1884, and secretary of state for war in 1886 and from 1892 to 1895.
Treasury criticism could secure minor economies but the chancellor’s most effective weapon was to point out that a given increase in expenditure would mean so much on the income tax. Although the broad outlines of defence policy were discussed in the CID, the question of what could be afforded was a matter for the chancellor of the exchequer. If he and the minister in charge of a spending department could not agree on estimates for the coming year, the Cabinet would have to adjudicate. 13 Naval weapons In the early years of the twentieth century naval warfare was being transformed by rapid technological change, including improved gunnery, torpedoes and mines, and the introduction of submarines, radio and oil-powered turbine engines.
In fairness to the committee, it should be noted that it reported in January 1909, six months before Louis Ble´riot made his pioneering flight across the English Channel. Another consideration guiding the committee was their belief that airship development would be dependent on government funding, whereas aeroplanes appeared to offer an attractive field for private enterprise, given likely demand ‘for sport and recreation’. 32 In the event, the navy’s airship, the Mayfly, was damaged by a gust of wind during trials in 1911 and the Admiralty was so discouraged that it was not until 1914 that it ordered eight rigid airships.
Arms, Economics and British Strategy: From Dreadnoughts to Hydrogen Bombs (Cambridge Military Histories) by G. C. Peden