By William A. Johnson, Holt N. Parker
Classicists were sluggish to use the $64000 advances within the means that literacy is considered in different disciplines (including specifically cognitive psychology, socio-linguistics, and socio-anthropology). however, historians of literacy proceed to depend upon superseded paintings by means of classicists (mostly from the 1960's and 1970's) and feature little entry to the present reexamination of the traditional proof. This well timed quantity makes an attempt to formulate new attention-grabbing methods of conversing concerning the complete thought of literacy within the historical world—literacy now not within the experience of no matter if 10% or 30% of individuals within the historical global might learn or write, yet within the experience of text-oriented occasions embedded in a specific socio-cultural context.
The quantity is meant as a discussion board within which chosen best students reconsider from the floor up how scholars of classical antiquity may top method the query of literacy long ago, and the way that research could materially intersect with alterations within the method that literacy is now seen in different disciplines.
The consequence will supply readers new methods of puzzling over particular components of "literacy" in antiquity, corresponding to the character of non-public libraries, or what it capability to be a bookseller in antiquity; new constructionist questions, similar to what constitutes studying groups and the way they model themselves; new takes at the public sphere, equivalent to how literacy intersects with commercialism, or with using public areas, or with the development of civic id; new essentialist questions, comparable to what "book" and "reading" symbolize in antiquity, why literate cultures advance, or why literate cultures subject. The e-book derives from a convention (a Semple Symposium held in Cincinnati in April 2006) and comprises new paintings from the main awesome students of literacy in antiquity (e.g., Simon Goldhill, Joseph Farrell, Peter White, and Rosalind Thomas).
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C. 31 It may be that the written contract for private individuals was at least known in the ﬁfth century, as Millett and Stroud suggest, but it seems too easy to assume that fully formed written contracts were ubiquitous throughout the ﬁfth century and everywhere in an ‘‘all-or-nothing’’ model. These practices will develop: the PechMaho tablet is couched in narrative form; Athens itself continued to use the very primitive horoi as mortgage stones. Besides, trust in writing cannot be simply assumed to override trust in witnesses.
XVII 7 for agreement; 7–10 speaker in cahoots with banker to pretend he has no money in the bank; 19–20, further (written) agreement to keep things under wraps. Cf. also [Dem] LII, for example, 4, 6, 24, 27. Pe´barthe 2006, 103–9 approaches this from a rather different angle. 18 Situating Literacies hints that banks might be enjoined to keep matters hidden as well as keeping records, we are dealing with a species of literate practices, a kind of literate environment, which is special to the bank and this realm of professional activity.
Harris’s interesting discussion (1994) of the inventory lists of the Parthenon and public accountability; and D. Harris 1995. 47. 9 Fragment of IG i3 422, col. III. Dedications and dedicatory inscriptions are also interesting in this connection, that of public accessibility. 48 In particular, she notes the prominence of the name of the dedicator in such inscriptions, usually ﬁrst in the line, the name of the sculptor in a separate line, and the continuing presence of punctuation even as it drops out of ﬁfth-century Athenian decrees.
Ancient Literacies: The Culture of Reading in Greece and Rome by William A. Johnson, Holt N. Parker