By Bill Rhodes
An creation to army Ethics: A Reference instruction manual offers the philosophical and conceptual foundations of army ethics, providing a very good origin for exploration and dialogue of those concerns. It focuses first at the 2,500-year legacy of the "just warfare thought" and its program via historical past. It then strikes to the appliance of that culture within the glossy period, exhibiting how acts of terrorism through nonstate individuals require a brand new concept and frame of mind approximately while and the way armed strength will be justifiably hired. additional, the writer analyzes how new theories may modify the basic identification of conventional protective army forces. The booklet additionally addresses peacetime moral matters, akin to gender integration and the function of faith within the army. The booklet is vital studying for army officials and scholars, in addition to these policymakers who confront judgements approximately easy methods to install army strength in the course of the struggle on Terror.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Military Ethics: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary Military, Strategic, and Security Issues)
Moreover, all humans, even the most powerful rulers, are subject to natural law. The mighty may violate natural law, but they can never overturn it. Natural laws accordingly provide a ﬁrm foundation for relations among both individuals and states. Following the law is in each citizen’s interest. Indeed, the law protects each citizen from all the others, something no individual could ever do alone. And so, obeying the laws that the community has established is to a citizen’s advantage, even though sometimes it may appear otherwise in the short term.
It is this juxtaposition of a Christian conscience in a public role that constitutes one of the foundational tensions for the development of JWT. It is helpful to keep these developments in mind when considering Augustine’s famous work, The City of God. There, Augustine contrasts two realms—earthly and holy. These realms do not refer to geographical or political boundaries. Instead, they refer to abstract conceptions of life after the biblical fall from grace and after redemption. The ﬁrst is the earthly city and the second the heavenly.
12 Moreover, this violence is in some ways not the individual’s own, but rather the responsibility of the state. “[T]hey who have waged war in obedience to the divine command, or in conformity with His laws have represented in their persons the public justice or the wisdom of government . . 14 This idea of doing violence as an aspect of ofﬁcial public duty has important repercussions for others. Members of the community are obligated to follow the community’s appointed authorities. Wars are properly the responsibility of public ofﬁcials; obedience is the lot of the ordinary soldier.
An Introduction to Military Ethics: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary Military, Strategic, and Security Issues) by Bill Rhodes