By Rob Vos, Jose Antonio Ocampo, Ana Luiza Cortez
This book is an authoritative research of the social and monetary implications of world elevated existence expectancy. do we offer adequate pensions for previous humans to reside comfortably? How can previous humans be empowered to play a extra confident position in society? what's going to the position of grandparents be within the rising new social structures? What are the consequences for healthiness companies? How can the very previous be cared for? supplying a wealth of statistical and quantitative facts and compiled by means of prime economists operating on the leading edge of this zone, the authors argue that those demanding situations aren't insurmountable, yet societies in all places have to installed position the mandatory guidelines to confront those demanding situations successfully.
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These should be embedded-as argued in the present chapter-into a broader perspective which more fully 44 Ageing and Development recognizes and better harnesses the contributions older persons can make to societies. Such measures should ensure greater economic participation and establish adequate mechanisms to guarantee the protection of their human rights and their political empowerment. This chapter analyses three areas that require better policy responses: the conditions of housing and living arrangements for older persons; their empowerment and political participation; and the legal framework and social awareness that ensure the protection of their human rights.
Even if the world population as a whole were to experience the relatively higher levels of fertility implied by the high-variant projection (see sect. 2). Moreover, for all groups of countries, the old-age dependency ratio in 2050 resulting from the high-variant projection would be substantially higher than that estimated in 2005. This page intentionally left blank Chapter I11 Older persons in a changing society The social environment within which people grow older is rapidly changing. The size of families is decreasing, the role of extended families is diminishing, and perceptions of intergenerational support and caring for older persons are rapidly changing.
An ageing world population 19 In Western Asia and South Asia, the ageing process will likely be slower. In the former, the proportion of the population aged 60 years or over is projected to increase from 6 per cent in 2005 to 17 per cent in 2050; in the latter, that proportion is projected to increase from 7 to 19 per cent over the same period. Africa, in contrast, has only recently embarked on the second stage of the demographic transition and still has a very young population. In 2005,42 per cent of Africa's population was under age 15, whereas only 5 per cent was aged 60 years or over.
Ageing and Development by Rob Vos, Jose Antonio Ocampo, Ana Luiza Cortez