Download e-book for iPad: A History of Metals in Colonial America by James A. Mulholland

By James A. Mulholland

ISBN-10: 0817300538

ISBN-13: 9780817300531


The tale of the creation and progress of the know-how of metals within the North American colonial interval involves major advancements past the move of the expertise from the outdated international to the hot. within the fight to create an indigenous undefined, within the efforts to inspire and help the paintings of metals craftsmen, within the defiance of British makes an attempt to manage production of metals, the colonial society built a metals know-how that turned the foundation for destiny commercial growth.
            the writer strains colonial commercial improvement from the 16th throughout the eighteenth centuries in 9 chapters: “Before Jamestown,” “Metals within the Early Colonies,” “Copper within the Colonies,” “Colonial Iron: The start of an Industry,” “Metals Manufacture within the Colonial Period,” “Colonial Iron: rules and Rebellion,” “Metals and the Revolution,” “The serious Years,” and “Reflections at the finish of an Era.”


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Extra info for A History of Metals in Colonial America

Example text

Strachey then related that the natives obtained copper from the hills to the northwest, parting it from the stone without fire "and beat yt into plates, the like whereof is hardly found in any other part of the world. "20 Such accounts were a continuation of the gold-seeking mentality of the sixteenth century, reflecting a sense of impermanence. More significantly, as long as such thinking pervaded attitudes toward the colony, considering only temporary exploitation, the need to transfer to America the technologies that provided the material base for civilization remained minimal.

Not until over £4,000 had been spent and the company happened upon John Berkeley, a gentleman of reputed long experience in the iron industry, to take charge of the works was any real progress made. The Southampton operation apparently had collapsed by then or had been integrated into the larger project. " Berkeley was fully confident that "by Whitsuntide next [1622] the Company might relye upon good quantities of Iron made by him. "29 But on March 22, 1622, a few weeks before Whitsuntide, the Falling Creek settlement was massacred by Indians as part of a major uprising.

Most of this is used in the form of pig iron, so named from the casting process which allows long molds to be filled simultaneously from a trench (the sow) leading from the furnace. The second function is the conversion of the molten iron into a variety of objects that may be cast in molds directly from the furnace, such as pots, firebacks, salt pans, and stove plates. Such items were a regular part of the output of the Hammersmith furnace, for sale to the colonists. The major furnace product, however, was pig iron.

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A History of Metals in Colonial America by James A. Mulholland

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